|Film or video||
Forman, M. (Director). (1975). One flew over the cuckoo's nest [Film]. United Artists.
Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), & Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. Transmission.
Jackson, P. (Director). (2001). The lord of the rings: The fellowship of the ring [Film, four-disc special extended ed. on DVD]. WingNut Films; The Saul Zaentz Company.
|TV series||Simon, D., Colesberry, R. F., & Kostroff Noble, N. (Executive Producers). (2002-2008). The wire [TV series]. Blown Deadline Productions; HBO.|
Episode from TV series
Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005). Failure to communicate [Television series episode]. In D. Shore (Executive producer), House. Fox Broadcasting.
Images / photos
Note that if you are using images in your thesis/dissertation/assignment, you have to check the copyright/usage rights information for each item. For more information about Image Copyright check our Libguide.
McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://xxxxx
Note: Use this format to cite (but not reproduce)photographs or other artwork not connected to a museum.
For untitled photograph, include a description in square brackets in place of a title.
Rossman, J., & Palmer, R. (2015). Sorting through our space junk [Infographic]. World Science Festival. https://xxxxx
Clip art or stock image
GDJ. (2018). Neural network deep learning prismatic [Clip art]. Openclipart. https://xxxxx
Kahukiwa, R. (1995). Robyn Kahukiwa: Works from 1985-1995 [Exhibition catalogue]. Wellington, New Zealand: Bowen Galleries.
Tables include numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.
Figures include any type of illustration (chart, graph, photograph, drawing maps) other than a table.
Note: If you want to use table or figure from another source in your thesis, dissertation or article, you will have to ask for permission the original copyright owners of the work. When permission has been granted, you should include "Reprinted with permission" under the reproduced tables, figures and images.
Audiovisual media includes motion pictures, audio or television broadcasts (including podcasts), and static objects (maps, artworks, photos).
Director, D. D. (Director). (2020). Title of work [Description]. Production Company. https://xxxxxx
Writer, W. W. (Writer) & Director, D. D. (Director). (2020). Title of episode (Season No., Episode No.) [Description]. In P. P. Producer (Executive Producer). Title of TV series. Production Company. https://xxxxx
|Media type||Include as the author|
|TV series||Exclusive producer/s|
|TV series episode||Writer and director of episode|
|Podcast||Host or executive producer|
|Podcast episode||Host of episode|
|Classical music album or song||Composer|
|Modern music album or song||Recording artist|
|Online streaming video||Person or group who uploaded the video|
Source: American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style. (7th ed.).
Bowie, D. (2016). Blackstar [Album]. Columbia.
Bach, J. S. (2010). The Brandenburg concertos: Concertos BWV 1043 & 1060 [Album recorded by Academy of St Martin in the Fields]. Decca. (Original work published 1721)
Note: For classical work - provide composer as the author; the individual or group who recorded the version you used; the year of original composition.
It is not necessary to specify how you listened to the album (e.g. Spotify, iTunes, etc.)
Include the URL if it is the only means of retrieval
Beyoncé. (2016). Formation [Song]. On Lemonade. Parkwood; Columbia.
Beethoven, L. van. (2012). Symphony No. 3. in E-flat major [Song recorded by Staatskappelle Dresden]. On Beethoven: Complete symphonies. Brilliant Classics. (Original work published 1840)
Dunning, B. (Producer). (2011, January 12). inFact: Conspiracy theories [Video podcast]. itunes. http://itunes.apple.com/
Podcast (as a whole)
Vedantam, S. (Host). (2015-present). Hidden brain. [Audio podcast]. NPR. https://xxxxx
Glass, I. (Host). (2011, August 12). Amusement park (No. 443) [Audio podcast episode]. In This American life. WEBZ Chicago. https://xxxxx
Harper, W. (Producer & Director), Harper, D. S. (Producer), & Aron, E. (Writer). (2015). Sensitive: The untold story [Video]. https://www.kanopystreaming.com
Palmer, A. (2013, February). Amanda Palmer: The art of asking [Video]. https://www.ted.com/talks/amanda_palmer_the_art_of_asking
Bellofolletti. (2009, April 8). Ghost caught on surveillance camera [Video]. Vimeo. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dq1ms2JhYBI&feature=related
Dunning, B. [volleybrian]. (2011, January 12). inFact: Conspiracy theories [Video]. You Tube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEijdTeBMRM&index =5&feature=plcp
TED. (2013, March 1). Amanda Palmer: The art of asking [Video]. You Tube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMj_P_6H69g
|Webinar||Goldberg, J. F. (2018). Evaluating adverse drug effects [Webinar]. American Psychiatric Association https://xxxxx|
Artwork in a museum or a museum website
Modigliani, A. (1919). Elvira resting at a table [Painting]. Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO, United States.
Delacroix, E. (1826-1827). Faust attempts to seduce Marguerite [Lithograph]. The Louvre, Paris, France.
Raverat, G. (2008). Travellers [Woodcut]. Ackland Art Museum, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.
Giotto. [ca. 1310 ACE]. Scenes from the New Testament: Flight into Egypt [Fresco]. Assisi, Italy: Sacro convento di S. Francesco.
Image of an artwork
Marc, F. (1912). The red deer [Painting]. http://www.artstor.org/
Du Maurier, G. [ca. 1881]. George Du Maurier [Drawing]. http://www.npg.org.uk/collections
Hipkins, G. (2006). The shaman (blue) [Photograph]. http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/object/778464
Cable, D. (2013). The radical dot map [Map]. University of Virginia, Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service. https://xxxxx
Google. (n.d.). [Google Maps directions for driving from La Paz, Bolivia to Lima, Peru]. Retrieved February 16, 2020., from https://goo.gl/YYE3GR