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APA Citation Style: Home

The aim of this guide is to present concisely the basic rules for citing various types of resources in APA Referencing Style (7th edition).

Why citing?

Don’t forget that referencing is an important part not only of your grade but for your academic integrity as well. It is important to acknowledge other author's ideas that have influenced your work or that you have adapted to your work and to avoid plagiarism.

To do this in APA style you have to note two things:

  • In-text citing (citation, placed within the main text)
  • Reference list (list of all sources used in the paper, placed at the end)


What is APA?

APA (American Psychological Association) is one of many referencing styles used in academic writing. The Association outlines the style in the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition) on which this guide is based.

The APA style is usually used in the social sciences but in many other scientific fields as well.

APA Manual 7th Edition: The most notable changes.

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How to cite?

In academic writing it is important that you cite every idea, information or data that you have borrowed or derived from another text. In this way you give recognition to the original author and avoid plagiarism.

Note:There are several ways which you can use to integrate the ideas of others within your text.

  • By direct quotation: directly taking the words of the another author and identifying them in your text with quotation marks.
  • By paraphrasing: putting the ideas into your own words, restating their meaning, in more detail.
  • By summarizing: writing an overview of the original text by using your own words, in less detail than paraphrasing.

Reference List