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Chicago Manual of Style: Audio-Visual Media

The purpose of this guide is to show you how to cite your resources using the Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition). It provides useful tips and examples for organizing your work and bibliography.

 

Motion Pictures

FILMS

FOOTNOTES

Format:

2. "Scene Title or Number," OR Title of Movie, directed by Director First Name Surname (Year released; Place of Publication: Publisher, Year). Format (DVD/VHS).

Example:

2. Rear Window, directed by Alfred Hitchcock (1954; Universal City, CA: Universal Home Video, 2001). DVD.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Format:

Title of Movie. Directed by Director First Name Surname. Year Released;
Place of Publication: Publishing Studio, Year. Format (DVD/VHS).

Example:

Rear Window. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock. 1954; Universal City, CA: Universal
Home Video, 2001. DVD.
TELEVISION
FOOTNOTE

Format:

3. Title of TV show, season, episode, "Title of Episode,"  directed by Director First Name Surname, written by Writer First Name Surname, aired date, in broadcast syndication, Publisher, Year, URL/medium.

Example:

3. Star Trek: The Next Generation, season 2, episode 9, “The Measure of a Man,” directed by Robert Scheerer, written by Melinda M. Snodgrass, featuring Patrick Stewart, Brent Spiner, and Whoopi Goldberg, aired February 13, 1989, in broadcast syndication, Paramount, 2012, Blu-Ray.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Format:

Writer Surname, First Name, writer. Title of TV show. Season, episode, "Title of Episode,"  Directed by Director First Name Surname. Aired date, in broadcast syndication. Publisher, Year, URL/medium.

Example:

Snodgrass, Melinda M, writer. Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2, episode 9, “The Measure of a Man.” Directed by Robert Scheerer, featuring Patrick Stewart, Brent Spiner, and Whoopi Goldberg. Aired February 13, 1989, in broadcast syndication. Paramount, 2012, Blu-Ray.

Speeches

SPEECHES
FOOTNOTE

Format:

7. First name Last name, “Speech Title,” Date of speech, location of speech, medium, running time, information on where the recording can be found.

Example:

7. Toni Morrison, “Nobel Lecture,” December 7, 1993, Grand Hall of the Swedish Academy, Stockholm, Sweden, MPEG-4, 33:18, https://www.nobelprize.org/mediaplayer/.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Format:

Last name, First name. “Speech Title.” Date of speech. Location of speech. Medium, running time. Information on where the recording can be found.

Example:

Morrison, Toni. “Nobel Lecture.” December 7, 1993. Grand Hall of the Swedish Academy, Stockholm, Sweden. MPEG-4, 33:18. https://www.nobelprize.org/mediaplayer/.

Videos

VIDEOS
FOOTNOTE

Format:

4. First Name Surname of presenter/author, "Title of Work," Date filmed/posted, Sponsoring Body, URL.

Example:

4. Naomi Klein, "Addicted to Risk," December 2010, TED video, 19:49, https://www.ted.com/talks/naomi_klein_addicted_to_risk. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Format:

Presenter/Author Surname, First Name.  "Title of Work." Date filmed/posted. 
Sponsoring Body, length of video. URL.

Example:

Klein, Naomi. "Addicted to Risk." December 2010. TED video, 19:49.
https://www.ted.com/talks/naomi_klein_addicted_to_risk. 

Artworks

ARTWORKS
FOOTNOTE

Format:

5. First Name Surname of artist, Title of Work, Date created/completed, medium, Location of work, URL.

Example:

5. Roy Lichtenstein, Drowning Girl, 1963, oil and synthetic on canvas, 67 5/8 x 66 3/4" (171.6 x 169.5 cm), Museum of Modern Art, New York, https://www.moma.org/collection/works/80249.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Format:

Artist Surname, First Name. Title of Work. Date created/completed.
Medium. Location of work. URL.

Example:

‚ÄčLichtenstein, Roy, Drowning Girl, 1963. Oil and synthetic on canvas, 67 5/8 x 66 3/4"
(171.6 x 169.5 cm). Museum of Modern Art, New York. 
https://www.moma.org/collection/works/80249. 

IMAGES / PHOTOGRAPHS

Note that if you are using images in your thesis/dissertation/assignment, you have to check the copyright/usage rights information for each item. For more information about Image Copyright check our Libguide.

Music

MUSIC
FOOTNOTE

Format:

6. Name of group/composer/performer, “Title,” contributing personnel, recording date, Recording Company or Publisher, track number on Name of Album, year of release, medium.

Examples:

6. Bob Dylan, “Workingman’s Blues #2,” recorded February 2006, track 3 on Modern Times, Columbia, compact disc.

7. Ray Charles, vocalist, “Georgia on My Mind,” by Hoagy Carmichael and Stuart Gorrell, recorded March 1960, track 2 on The Genius Hits the Road, ABC-Paramount, vinyl LP.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Format:

Name of group or composer or performer. Title. Contributing personnel. Recording date. Recording Company or Publisher, medium.

Example:

Dylan, Bob. “Workingman’s Blues #2.” Recorded February 2006. Track 3 on Modern Times. Columbia, compact disc.

Charles, Ray. “Georgia on My Mind.” By Hoagy Carmichael and Stuart Gorrell. Recorded March 1960. Track 2 on The Genius Hits the Road. ABC-Paramount, vinyl LP.