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MLA Citation Style: Audio-Visual Media

The purpose of this guide is to help you cite your sources using the MLA Style (8th edition). You will find some useful examples and tips for organizing your work.

 

Videos

Video (YouTube, Vimeo)

Examples:

McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube, uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E. Accessed 30 Mar. 2013.

"How to Write a Winning Resume, With Ramit Sethi." YouTube, uploaded by Ramit Sethi, 23 June 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0fjkKCsM1w. Accessed 28 June 2016.

Brown, Brené. “The Power of Vulnerability.” TED, TED Conferences, June 2010, www.ted.com/talks/brene_brown_on_vulnerability.

Podcast

Examples:

Orton, Tyler, and Patrick Blennerhassett, hosts. "Lessons From the Brexit." BIV Podcast, episode 18, Business Vancouver, 28 June 2016, www.biv.com/article/2016/6/biv-podcast-episode-18-lessons-brexit/. Accessed 2 July 2016.

Note: The in-text citation should include the exact time you are referring to, e.g. (Orton and Blennerhassett 01:15-02:22).

Tables and Figures

Tables include numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.

Figures include any type of illustration (chart, graph, photograph, drawing maps) other than a table.

Note: If you want to use table or figure from another source in your thesis, dissertation or article, you will have to ask for permission the original copyright owners of the work.

If you want to cite a table or figure that was created by another person, start the title with “Source,” then the complete Works Cited list citation for the source the table was found in.

Artworks

Format:

Artist’s name. Title of Artwork. Date of creation. Name of Institution Housing the Artwork, Location.

Examples:

Artwork (original)

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800, Museo del Prado, Madrid.

Note: You can list the medium (e.g. oil on canvas), at the end of the citation, however this is not required.

Artwork (photographic reproduction in a book)

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800, Museo del Prado, Madrid. Gardener's Art Through the Ages, 10th ed., by Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner, Harcourt Brace, p. 939.

Note: If the artwork was reproduced in a book or a website, treat them as a second container (list the title first, followed by contributors).

Artwork (online)

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo del Prado, museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/the-family-of-carlos-iv/f47898fc-aa1c-48f6-a779-71759e417e74.

Note: If you viewed the artwork on a website or in a database, include the website/database title and the URL at the end of the citation.

Maps

Map (print)

Michigan. Rand, 2000. Map.


Map (in other source)

Note: If a map is contained in another work, like a book or website, you can refer to it in the text and then provide an entry for the larger work in the works-cited-list entry:

Example:

In-text: (Fitz 43)

Works cited:

Fitz, Earl E. Brazilian Narrative Traditions in a Comparative Context. Modern Language Association, 2005.


Digital maps

The Agas Map of Early Modern London. mapoflondon.uvic.ca/agas.htm.

Map of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Google Maps, 2018, maps.google.com. 

Motion Pictures

Format:

Title of Movie. Contributor(s). Publisher/Production Company, Year of Release.

Note: List the contributors most relevant to your project after the movie title (e.g. creator, director, performers, etc.).

Film / DVD

Speed Racer. Directed by Lana Wachowski and Lilly Wachowski, performances by Emile Hirsch, Nicholas Elia, Susan Sarandon, Ariel Winter, and John Goodman, Warner Brothers, 2008.

The Usual Suspects. Directed by Bryan Singer, performances by Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benicio Del Toro. Polygram, 1995.

TV series episode (streaming)

"The One Where Chandler Can't Cry." Friends, created by Marta Kauffman, performance by Matthew Perry, season 6, episode 14, Warner Brothers, 2004.

TV series episode (DVD)

"The One Where Chandler Can't Cry." Friends: The Complete Sixth Season, written by Andrew Reich and Ted Cohen, directed by Kevin Bright, Warner Brothers, 2004.

Broadcast TV and Radio Program

"The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox, WXIA, Atlanta, 19 Jul. 1998.

Streaming video (Netflix, Hulu, etc.)

“94 Meetings.” Parks and Recreation, season 2, episode 21, NBC, 29 Apr. 2010. Netflix, www.netflix.com/watch/70152031.

Music Recording

Format:

Artist’s name. “Sound Recording Title.” Album. Contributor(s).  Production Company, Year of Release.

Note: List the contributors most relevant to your project (e.g. composer, performers, etc.).

Examples:

Song from album (online)

Beyoncé. “Pray You Catch Me.” Lemonade, Parkwood Entertainment, 2016, www.beyonce.com/album/lemonade-visual-album/.

Song from album (CD)

Nirvana. "Smells Like Teen Spirit." Nevermind, Geffen, 1991.

The Beatles. “A Day in the Life.” Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, composed by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, Parlophone, 1967.

Song on Spotify

Rae Morris. “Skin.” Cold, Atlantic Records, 2014. Spotify, open.spotify.com/track/0OPES3Tw5r86O6fudK8gxi.

Performance

Shakespeare’s Will. Written by Vern Thiessen, directed by Geoffrey Brumlik, performance by Jan Alexandra Smith, 2 Feb. 2005, Citadel Theatre, Edmonton. Performance.

Musical Score

Donizetti, Gaetano. Don Pasquale: An Opera inn Three Acts with Italian-English Text. 1842. New York, 1969. Score.

Note: If  the type of work is not very common, end the citation with a description of its type.

Images / Photos

Note: If you want to cite a table or figure that was created by another person, start with a description of the image, followed by the complete Works Cited list citation for the source the table was found in.

Example:

Fig. 1: Man exercising from: Green, Annie. "Yoga: Stretching Out." Sports Digest, 8 May 2006, p. 22.


Note that if you are using images in your thesis/dissertation/assignment, you have to check the copyright/usage rights information for each item. For more information about Image Copyright check our Libguide.