Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Legal and Moral Issues Related to Information: Intellectual property


Intellectual property - a work or invention that is the result of creativity, such as a manuscript or a design, to which one has rights and for which one may apply for a patent, copyright, trademark, etc.


      "in·tel·lec·tu·al prop·er·ty n."  New Oxford American Dictionary. Edited by Angus Stevenson and Christine A. Lindberg. Oxford University Press, 2010. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  BIC - American University in Bulgaria.  25 July 2011   


Can you give examples of intellectual property you have created and that you don't like people using without your permission?

How will you feel if someone presents your work or ideas as their own?

Examples of inrellectual property

Just like the property ownership of material objects, people are entitled to ownership of intellectual property. You have to learn to respect other peoples' ownership, and your own intellectual property must be respected by others. Violations of intellectual property are as serious (if not more) as violations with material property and the charges for these violations are as severe.

A list of possble intellectual property subjects:

  • literary works (books, poems, essays etc.)    

  • artwork (drawings, paintings)

  • inventions

  • ideas

  • logos

  • symbols

  • names

  • designs

  • images, photographs 

  • others

What instruments protect intellectual property?

Intellectual property is protected by patents, trademarks, industrial design rights and copyright.

Subject Guide